American Falls

Welcome to the majestic realm of Niagara Falls, where the roaring waters of the Niagara River cascade with breathtaking force, creating a spectacle of natural beauty that leaves visitors in awe. Among the trio of extraordinary waterfalls that comprise Niagara Falls, the American Falls stands proudly on the United States side, offering a unique and unforgettable experience to all who come to witness its grandeur.

The Location and Characteristics

Situated between Prospect Point and Luna Island in the state of New York, the American Falls is often referred to as the “American Side of Niagara Falls.” While it may be smaller in scale when compared to its neighboring Horseshoe Falls, its charm lies in its unique shape that resembles the letter ‘W.’ As the evening sets in, the falls come to life with a mesmerizing display of multicolored lights, casting an enchanting glow over the cascading waters.

The American Falls is a testament to the immense power of nature, with an estimated water flow of approximately 75,000 gallons per second. Despite being the smaller sibling, it still commands an impressive 10% of the total water flow of Niagara Falls.

The Forces of Erosion

As the years pass, the unyielding force of water gradually reshapes the American Falls. Composed of soft shale and limestone, the cascading water erodes the bedrock, causing large sections to fall away and reshape the landscape. In 1969, in an effort to study and quantify the rockfall, scientists made the daring decision to temporarily halt the flow of water over the American Falls. By blocking the US side of Niagara Falls, they could calculate the amount of rock material at the base of the falls and develop strategies to prevent it from transforming into a series of rapids.

A Sight to Behold

The American Falls may not attract the daredevils who seek to brave the falls in barrels, but it is no less captivating. The falls boast a height ranging between 70 and 110 feet, towering over the landscape. Visitors can experience the falls from various vantage points, especially from the American side, where they can get remarkably close to the edge. Goat Island and Luna Island, accessible via a pedestrian bridge, offer awe-inspiring views of the falls, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the raw beauty of the cascading waters.

A Changing Landscape

Over the centuries, numerous rockfalls have shaped the ledge of the American Falls into its distinctive “W” form. The most significant rockfall in recent history occurred in 1954 when Prospect Point to the north collapsed, adding to the huge mound of rock at the base. However, rather than tampering with nature, authorities have chosen to let it take its course, maintaining the falls’ natural beauty and preserving its unique charm.

A Brief Halt in 1969

In a bold and unprecedented move, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers temporarily diverted the flow of water over the American Falls from June to November 1969. The purpose of this daring endeavor was to survey the rockfall and explore ways to preserve the falls’ enchanting character. Tourists flocked to witness this rare sight, and although opinions differ on whether attendance that season was higher or lower than usual, there’s no doubt that the spectacle garnered widespread attention and fascination.


The American Falls, nestled within the embrace of the United States, is a gem among the wonders of Niagara Falls. With its unique “W” shape and enchanting light displays, it offers a captivating experience to visitors from around the world. As the forces of nature continue to sculpt its landscape, the falls stand as a testament to the eternal beauty and power of the natural world.

So, if you’re planning a trip to Niagara Falls, make sure to devote ample time to exploring the breathtaking American Falls, where the beauty of nature is on full display. Witness the water’s graceful dance, feel the mist on your skin, and allow yourself to be mesmerized by the sheer magnificence of this iconic natural wonder.